Common Health Problems facing the world as a whole comes with a great duty on our part to curb each problem. The world as green as it may look, and beautiful as it is, with it inhabitants still face a lot of health crisis. Some of these Common Health Problems are dangerous while others are mild and can be contained.
- Lower Respiratory infection
- Typhoid Fever
Lower Respiratory Infection
Lower respiratory tract infections are one of the Common Health Problems which is any infections in the lungs or below the voice box. These include pneumonia, bronchitis, and tuberculosis. One of the leading causes of death as of the year 2012 till date, Lower respiratory Infections, affected more than 220,000 people in Ghana. Lower respiratory infections affect people differently, yet these infections are normally diagnosed as acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis, influenza, and pneumonia. These infections are now being linked to the quality of air both indoors and outdoors in Ghana. Air pollution, as a result of a number of deaths due to lower-respiratory infections, is now considered one of the leading causes of death in Africa.
Symptoms of Acute Respiratory Infections
- Congestion, either in the nasal sinuses or lungs
- Runny nose
- Cough either whooping.
- Sore throat
- Body Aches
Call your doctor if you experience:
- An extreme fever over 103˚F (39˚C) and Cold(chills)
- Have difficulty in breathing
- Feeling Dizzie
- Unconscious feeling
According to the CDC, Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. There are different kinds of Malaria Parasites that affect humans. They are totally 4 types Namely, Plasmodium falciparum,P. vivax, p. ovale and p.malariae
In addition, P. knowlesi, a type of malaria that naturally infects macaques in Southeast Asia, also infects humans, causing malaria that is transmitted from animal to human (“zoonotic” malaria). P. falciparum is the type of malaria that is most likely to result in severe infections and if not promptly treated, may lead to death. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.
Common symptoms of malaria include:
- shaking chills that can range from moderate to severe
- high fever
- profuse sweating
- abdominal pain
- muscle pain
- Bloody stools
Overweight and Obesity
This is a situation whereby an individual gains weight through high cholesterol or fat. Being overweight or obese increases your chances of dying from hypertension, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, dyslipidemia, and endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon cancers.
Risks of obesity
It’s very important to take steps to tackle obesity because, as well as causing obvious physical changes, it can lead to a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions.
- type 2 diabetes
- coronary heart disease
- some types of cancer, such as breast cancer and bowel cancer
Causes of obesity
Obesity is generally caused by consuming more calories, particularly those in fatty and sugary foods than you burn off through physical activity. The excess energy is stored by the body as fat.
Obesity is an increasingly common problem because for many people modern living involves eating excessive amounts of cheap high-calorie food and spending a lot of time sitting down at desks, on sofas, or in cars.
There are also some underlying health conditions that can occasionally contribute to weight gain, such as an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), although these types of conditions do not usually cause weight problems if they’re effectively controlled with medicines.
Whether you’re at risk of obesity, currently overweight or at a healthy weight, you can take steps to prevent unhealthy weight gain and related health problems. Not surprisingly, the steps to prevent weight gain are the same as the steps to lose weight: daily exercise, a healthy diet, and a long-term commitment to watch what you eat and drink.
First of all ,Exercise regularly. You need to get 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity a week to prevent weight gain. Moderately intense physical activities include fast walking and swimming.
Also, Follow a healthy-eating plan. Focus on low-calorie, nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Avoid saturated fat and limit sweets and alcohol. Eat three regular meals a day with limited snacking. You can still enjoy small amounts of high-fat, high-calorie foods as an infrequent treat. Just be sure to choose foods that promote a healthy weight and good health most of the time.
Furthermore, Know and avoid the food traps that cause you to eat. Identify situations that trigger out-of-control eating. Try keeping a journal and write down what you eat, how much you eat, when you eat, how you’re feeling, and how hungry you are. After a while, you should see patterns emerge. You can plan ahead and develop strategies for handling these types of situations and stay in control of your eating behaviors.
In addition,Monitor your weight regularly. People who weigh themselves at least once a week are more successful in keeping off excess pounds. Monitoring your weight can tell you whether your efforts are working and can help you detect small weight gains before they become big problems.
Last but not least Be consistent. Sticking to your healthy-weight plan during the week, on the weekends, as well as amidst vacation and holidays as much as possible increases your chances of long-term success.